African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans, and formerly as American Negroes) are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa.According to the 2009 American Community Survey, there were 38,093,725 Black and African Americans in the United States, representing 12.4% of the population.Large-scale immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from Southern and Eastern Europe introduced a variety of elements.Immigration from Asia, Africa, and Latin America has also had impact.People of European descent, or White Americans (also referred to as Caucasian Americans), constitute the majority of the 308 million people living in the United States, with 72.4% of the population in the 2010 United States Census.The largest continental ancestral group of Americans are that of Europeans who have origins in any of the original peoples of Europe.The English settlers treated these captives as indentured servants and released them after a number of years.This practice was gradually replaced by the system of race-based slavery used in the Caribbean.
Augustine, Florida in 1565 by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
In addition, there were 37,144,530 non-Hispanic blacks, which comprised 12.1% of the population.
The first West African slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia in 1619.
The majority of Americans or their ancestors immigrated to America or were brought as slaves within the past five centuries, with the exception of the Native American population and people from Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands who became American through expansion of the country in the 19th century, the culture of the United States held in common by most Americans can also be referred to as mainstream American culture, a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of Northern and Western European colonists, settlers, and immigrants.
Westward expansion integrated the Creoles and Cajuns of Louisiana and the Hispanos of the Southwest and brought close contact with the culture of Mexico.