This area might have been viewed as the centre of the Andean world, attracting pilgrims from far away to marvel in its beauty.
These structures transformed the local landscape; Puma Punku was purposely integrated with Illimani mountain, a sacred peak that the Tiwanaku possibly believed to be home to the spirits of their dead.
The Puma Punku temple offers one of the best examples of masonry skills in the whole of the pre-Columbian Americas. It is 167.36 m wide along its north-south axis and 116.7 m long along its east-west axis.
Other incredibly carved temple complexes such as the Peruvian Inca walls of Sacsayhuaman, or the Inca masonry at Machu Pichu and Ollantaytambo pale to insignificance when compared with the sheer skill, accuracy and perfection achieved at Puma Punku. On the northeast and southeast corners of the Puma punku it has 20-meter wide projections that extend 27.6 meters north and south from the rectangular mound.
The water ultimately cascaded out from tunnels driven horizontally into the structures foundations. Protzen thinks this was to hold the slabs in the proper alignment.
Clamps also once pieced together the enormous sandstone slabs used in the construction of the four platforms at Puma Punku.
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Its weight has been estimated to be 85.21 metric tons. A complex system of channels conducted rainwater from a sunken court on the summit into the interior of the pyramid, threading it from one terrace to the next.
Puma Punku appears to have been destroyed by an earthquake, perhaps accompanied by a tidal wave from Lake Titicaca. Isbell, a radiocarbon date obtained from mound fill forming the Puma punku deposited during the oldest of three construction epochs dates the earliest construction epoch of the Puma punku at 1510 25 B. This terrace is paved with multiple enormous stone blocks.
Some of the structures on higher ground were once covered with 2 metres or so of earth. The Plataforma Ltica contains the largest stone slab found in both the Pumapunku and Tiwanaku Site.
The Inca origin myth records neary Lake Titicaca as the origin point of humanity.
They record that Viracocha began his journey from this place, until following much wandering, Cuzco became chosen as the birthplace of the Inca nation.'A story was told by the local Aymara indians to a Spanish traveller who visited Tiahuanaco shortly after the conquest spoke of the city's original foundation in the age of Chamac Pacha, or First Creation, long before the coming of the Incas.