"Disgruntled employees pose as their bosses to post explicit messages on social network sites; spouses use GPS to track their mates' every move.
Even police and prosecutors find themselves at risk, as gang members and other organized criminals find out where they live — often to intimidate them into dropping a case." In January 2009, the Bureau of Justice Statistics in the United States released the study "Stalking Victimization in the United States," which was sponsored by the Office on Violence Against Women.
Moreover, the separated acts that make up the intrusion cannot by themselves cause the mental abuse, but do taken together (cumulative effect).
to draw a distinction between cyber-trolling and cyber-stalking.
Kowalksi states that much of this stems from the anonymity of the perpetrators, which is a common feature of cyberstalking as well.
According to a study by Kowalksi, of 3,700 bullied middle-school students, a quarter had been subjected to a form of harassment online.
Cyberstalking is a technologically-based "attack" on one person who has been targeted specifically for that attack for reasons of anger, revenge or control.The report, based on supplemental data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, showed that one in four stalking victims had been cyberstalked as well, with the perpetrators using internet-based services such as email, instant messaging, GPS, or spyware.The final report stated that approximately 1.2 million victims had stalkers who used technology to find them.As part of the risk they take for being in the public eye, celebrities and public figures are often targets of lies or made-up stories in tabloids as well as by stalkers, some even seeming to be fans.In one noted case in 2011, actress Patricia Arquette quit Facebook after alleged cyberstalking.