Top: Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, Place des Terreaux with Fontaine Bartholdi and Lyon City Hall at night.Centre: Parc de la Tête d'Or, Confluence district and the Vieux Lyon.Lyon is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.The metropolitan area of Lyon had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest in France after Paris.Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois and Joseph Fouché administered the execution of more than 2,000 people.After Lyons was defeated in October of 1793, the Convention ordered that its name be changed to "Liberated City." A plaque was also erected which proclaimed" "Lyons made war on Liberty; Lyons no longer exists." A decade later, Napoleon ordered the reconstruction of all the buildings demolished during this period.
Fernand Braudel remarked, "Historians of Lyon are not sufficiently aware of the bi-polarity between Paris and Lyon, which is a constant structure in French development..the late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution".
Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries.
The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector.
Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematographe.
It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights.